Hello, our dear page reader. We have many questions received from you so far to explain about must know things related to Poland. So in today’s blog we will provide you with information about a brief Poland’s history overview, general information about country to know exactly country’s geopolitical location, also will emphasize on political and economic systems in Poland. At the end of the article you can follow useful links whereby is interesting and needed information input. I will give you overview in a nutshell about Poland, so take a look at…
A brief Poland's History overview
Poland’s history as a country starts with the Paist dynasty and the first king of Poland, Meisco I, too. King Meisco adopted Christianity as his national religion. Afterwards, while the 14th century, the Kingdom of Poland reached its peak under the rule of the Jagiellonian dynasty. Poland united with Lithuania and created a strong Polish-Lithuanian kingdom. For the next 400 years, the Polish-Lithuanian Union would be one of the most powerful states in Europe. One of the most remarkable battles in Poland took place at this time, when the Poles defeated the Teutonic Knights in the Battle of Grundwald in 1410. Finally, the dynasty ended, and Poland was divided in 1795 in three parts – Russia, Austria, and Prussia.
After World War I, Poland became a country again. Poland’s independence came in 13th place with 14 points from United States President Woodrow Wilson. In 1918, Poland officially became an independent country.
While World War II, Poland was occupied by Germany. The war was devastating for Poland. Six million people were killed during the war, including 3 million Jews as part of the Holocaust. After the war, the Communist Party took over Poland and Poland became a puppet state of the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Poland began to work towards a democratic government and a free market economy. In 2004, Poland joined the European Union.
Poland - General information about country
Political system in Poland
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The Polish government is held within the framework of the unitary presidential representative democratic republic, according to which the president is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government.
Executive power within the multi-party system is exercised by the President and the government, which consists of the Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister. Its members are usually elected from the majority party or coalition in the lower house of parliament (sejm), although exceptions to this rule are not uncommon. The government has been officially announced by the president and has two weeks to pass the Seimas Trust.
Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of parliament, the Sejm and the Senate. Members of the Sejm shall be elected by proportional representation, provided that representatives of non-ethnic minorities receive at least 5% of the vote to enter the lower house. There are currently five parties represented. Parliamentary elections are held at least once every four years.
The president, as head of state, is the supreme commander-in-chief of the armed forces, has the power to veto legislation passed by parliament that can be passed by a three-fifths majority, and can dissolve parliament under certain conditions. Presidential elections are held every five years. When the majority of voters support the same candidate, it is declared the winner, and when there is no majority, the first two candidates participate in the list.
The political system is enshrined in the Polish Constitution, which also provides a wide range of individual freedoms. The judiciary plays a key role in politics, in addition to the constitutional tribunal, which can repeal laws that violate freedoms guaranteed in the constitution.
Polish economic's overview
Poland has been pursuing a policy of economic liberalization since 1990, and the Polish economy was the only EU country to avoid a recession as a result of the 2008-09 economic downturn. Although EU membership and accession to the EU’s Structural Funds have contributed to the economy since 2004, GDP per capita is significantly lower than the EU average and the unemployment rate is now lower than the EU average.
The government of Prime Minister Donald Tusk has promoted the Polish economy through a downturn in the economy, helped to skillfully manage public finances, and adopted controversial pension and tax reforms to further strengthen public finances. Although the Polish economy has performed well over the past five years, growth slowed in 2013 and increased in 2014-15. Poland’s new center-right government and justice plan to introduce an expansionary economic policy to boost long-term growth, but social spending programs are, on average, leading to long-term deficits.